PIP National Fisheries Laws

 

APPLICABLE NATIONAL LAWS

- INITIAL POSTING: 21 May 2015
- UPDATED: 28 Feb 2018
- UPDATED: 23 Mar 2018
- UPDATED: 19 April 2018
- UPDATED: 29 April 2018
- UPDATED: 10 May 2018
- UPDATED: 25 May 2018
- UPDATED: 11 July 2018

 

These are the applicable national laws of the Pacific Island Parties (PIPs) for the purpose of the Treaty on Fisheries between the Governments of the Pacific Island States and the Government of the United States of America (commonly known as the "Treaty on Fisheries"), as amended in December 2016.

NOTEs:

- Australia's waters are currently closed for fishing by the U.S. fleet operating under the Treaty.
- The laws marked as 'pending' are already effective but they are not posted yet pending receipt of the texts.
- The law marked in 'italics' in Nauru folder was notified to the U.S. Government, including all the PIPs, on 25 May 2018 and is provided for advance notice pending the entry into force for the purpose of the Treaty on Tuesday 24 July 2018.
- The laws marked in 'italics' in Kiribati folder were notified to the U.S. Government, including all the PIPs, on 11 July 2018 and are provided for advance notice pending the entry into force for the purpose of the Treaty on Saturday 8 September 2018.
 

 Australia

- Antarctic Marine Living Resources Conservation Act 1981

- Fisheries Administration Act 1991

- Fisheries Management Act 1991

- Statutory Fishing Rights Charge Act 1991

- Fisheries Legislation (Consequential Provisions) Act 1991

- Foreign Fishing Licences Levy Act 1991

- Fishing Levy Act 1991

- Fisheries Agreements (Payments) Act 1991

- Torres Strait Fisheries Act 1984

Environment_Protection_and_Biodiversity_Conservation_Act_1999_Vol_1

- Environment_Protection_and_Biodiversity_Conservation_Act_1999_Vol_2


Cook Islands

- Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1977

      o Exclusive Economic Zone (Foreign Fishing Craft) Regulations 1979

- Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic Zone (Amendment) Act 2011

- Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic Zone (Amendment) Act 2012

      o Exclusive Economic Zone (Outer Limit) Order 2012 (pending)

- Marine Resources Act 2005

      o Marine Resources (Large Pelagic Longline Fishery) Regulations 2012

      o Marine Resources (Licensing) Regulations 2012

      o Marine Resources (Sharks Conservation) Regulations 2012

      o Marine Resources (Purse Seine) Regulations 2013

- Marae Moana Act 2017


Federated States of Micronesia

- Title 18 of the FSM Code (Territorial Boundaries and Economic Zones Act), as amended, including all Regulations promulgated therein

- Title 24 of the FSM Code (Marine Resources Act 2002), as amended, including all Regulations promulgated therein

- Supplemental Rules for certain Admiralty and Maritime Claims

- Title 19 of the FSM Code (National Maritime Act 1997), as amended, including all Regulations prmulgated therein

- Title 50 of the FSM Code (Immigration Act), as amended, including all Regulations promulgated therein

- Title 18 of the FSM Code (Maritime Boundaries Act 2017), as amended

- Title 24 of the FSM Code (Third Implementing Arrangement and Net Sharing Act 2017), as amended

- Title 24 of the FSM Code (Additional Closed Area Act 2017), as amended


Fiji

- Fisheries Act (Cap.158) - [Section 4 and Sub-section (4) of Section 5 are repealed]

      o Fisheries Regulations (Cap 158) - [Regulation 4(A), 4(B) and 5(A) and the Seventh, Eighth and Ninth Schedules are repealed]

- Marine Spaces Act (Cap.158A) - [Parts III and IV are repealed]

      o Marine Spaces (Territorial Seas) (Rotuma and its Dependencies) (Amendment) Order 2012

      o Marine Spaces (Archipelagic Baselines and Exclusive Economic Zone) (Amendment) Order 2012

      o Marine Spaces (Foreign Fishing Vessels) (Amendment) Regulations 2009

      o Marine Spaces (Foreign Fishing Vessels) (Amendment) Regulations 2010

- Endangered and Protected Species Act 2002

      o Endangered and Protected Species Regulations 2003

      o Biosecurity Promulgation 2008

- International Seabed Mineral Management Decree 2013

- Environment Management Act 2005

- Offshore Fisheries Management Decree 2012

- Offshore Fisheries Management (Amendment) Decree 2014

      o Offshore Fisheries Management Regulations 2014

Marine_Spaces_(Foreign_Fishing_Vessels)_Regulations_1979

Marine_Spaces_Act_1977

Maritime_Transport_Decree_2013

Ship_Registration_Decree_2013


Kiribati

- Fisheries (Pacific Island States Treaty with the United States of America) Act 1988

- Fisheries Act 2010

      o Fisheries_(Processing_and_Export)_Regulations_1981

      o Fisheries (Fish Aggregating Device Management) Regulations 2014

      o Fisheries (Purse Seine Vessel Days Scheme) Regulations 2014

      o Sharks Sanctuary Regulations 2015

- Fisheries (Amendment) Act 2015

- Marine Zones (Declaration) Act 2011

      o Baselines Around the Archipelagos of Kiribati Regulations 2014

      o Closing Lines Regulations 2014

      o Territorial Sea Outer Limits Regulations 2014

      o Contiguous Zones Outer Limits Regulations 2014

      o Exclusive Economic Zones Outer Limits Regulations 2014

      o Domestic Fishing Zone Limit Regulation 2015

Fisheries (Amendment) Act 2017

Environment Act 1999

      o Phoenix Islands Protected Area Regulations 2008     

      o Phoenix Islands Protected Area (Amendment) Regulations 2014

      Phoenix Islands Protected Area (Amendment) Regulations 2017

 

Marshall Islands

- Marshall Islands Revised Code 2012, Title 51 [51 MIRC Ch.1]

- Marine Mammal Protection Act 1990 [33 MIRC Ch.2]

- Marine Zones and Protection of Mammals [33 MIRC Ch.1]

- Maritime Administration Act 1990 [47 MIRC Ch.1]

- Marshall Islands Marine Resources Authority Act

- Fisheries Act

- Fisheries Enforcement Act

- Fishing Access and Licensing Act

- Documentation and Identification of Vessels Act

- Tuna and Game-fish Conservation Zone Act

- Aquarium_Fishery_Regulations_2015_[Title_51]

Fishing_License_(Third_Implementing_Arrangement)_Regulations_2009_[Title_51]

Management_and_Development_of_Local_Fisheries_Act_[Title_51_Cap_3]

Marine_Resources_Act_Title_33_Cap_1]

Maritime Zone Declaration Act 2016

Marshall_Islands_Fisheries_Regulations_1998_[Title_33]

Ports_of_Entry_Act_[Title_43_Cap_2]

Regulation_and_Control_of_Shipping_[Title_34_Cap_1]


Nauru

- Fisheries Act 1997

      o Fisheries Regulations 1998

      o Fisheries (Amendment) Regulations 2009 (pending)

      o Fisheries (Amendment) Regulations 2010

- Sea Boundaries Act 1997

      o Sea Boundaries Proclamation 1997

- Nauru Fisheries Marine Resources Authority (NFMRA) Act 1997

- Interpretation Act 2011

Fisheries_(PNA_Third_Implementing_Arrangement)_(Amendment)_Regulations_2010

Fisheries_(PNA_Third_Implementing_Arrangement)_(Amendment)_Regulations_2015

Fisheries_(PNA_Third_Implementing_Arrangement)_Regulations_2009

Fishing_Licence_(FAD_Closure)_Regulations_2009

Nauru_Fisheries_Marine_Resources_Authority_(Amendment)_Act_2016

Statute_Law_Revision_Act_2011

- Shipping (Registration of Foreign Vessels) Act 2018


Nea Zealand

Biosecurity Act 1993

- Conservation Act 1987

- Continental Shelf Act 1964

- Driftnet Prohibition Act 1991

- Fisheries Act 1983

- Fisheries Act 1996

      o Fisheries (Benthic Protection Areas) Regulations 2007

      o Fisheries (Foreign Fishing Vessel) Regulations 2001

      o Fisheries (Satellite Vessel Monitoring) Regulations 1993

- Marine Mammals Protection Act 1978

- Marine Reserves Act 1971

- Maritime Transport Act 1994

- Resource Management Act 1991

- Submarine Cables and Pipelines Protection Act 1996

- Sugar Loaf Islands Marine Protected Area Act 1991

- Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone and Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1977

      o Tokelau (Exclusive Economic Zone) Fishing Regulations 2012

- Tokelau (Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic Zone) Act 1977

- Wildlife Act 1953


Niue

- Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1996

      o Whale Sanctuary Regulations 2003

- Domestic Fishing Act 1995

      o Domestic Fishing Regulations 1996

- Continental Shelf Act 1964 (NZ)

- General Laws Act 1968

      o Maritime Security Regulations 2004

- Marine Insurance Act 1908 (NZ)

- Marine Pollution Act 1974

- Mercantile Law Act 1908 (NZ)

- Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1977

- Terrorism Suppression and Transnational Crimes Act 2006

- Wreck and Salvage Act 1968

- Sea Carriage of Goods Act 1940 (NZ) (in part only)

- Niue Act 1966

      o Oil in Navigable Waters (Prohibited Sea Areas) Regulations SR 1971/103 1972/4 (NZ)

      o Oil in Navigable Waters (Records, Transfer and Enforcement of Convention Order) Regulations SR 1971/104 1972/4 (NZ)

      o Oil in Navigable Waters (Ships’ Equipment) Regulations SR 1971/105 1972/4 (NZ)

- Maritime_Territorial_Sea_Baselines_Notice(2A)_2013

Niue_Fish_Protection_Ordinance_1965

Niue_Fish_Protection_(Amendment)_Act_1992

Sunday_Fishing_Prohibition_Act_1980


Palau

- Palau National Code, Title 27, as amended from time to time.

- Marine_Protection_Act_1994

Vessel_Monitoring_System_Regulations_2000


Papua New Guinea

- Fisheries Management Act 1998

      o Fisheries Management Regulation 2000

      o Fisheries Management (Amendment) Act 2012

- Fisheries (Torres Strait Protected Zone) Act 1984

      o Fisheries (Torres Strait Protected Zone) Regulation 1987

- Fisheries (Amendment) (Use of Foreign Boats) Act 1978

- International Organizations (Privileges and Immunities) Act 1975

      o South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency (Privileges and Immunities) Regulation 1980

- Criminal Code Act 1974

- International (Flora and Fauna) Act 1979

- Continental Shelf (Living Natural Resources) Act (Chapter No. 210)

- Water Resources Act 1982

- Prevention of Pollution at Sea Act 1979

      o Prevention of Pollution at Sea Regulation 1980

- Offshore Seas Proclamation 1978

- Merchant shipping Act 1975

      o Merchant Shipping ( Safety ) Regulation 1976

- Dumping of Waste at Sea Act 1979

- National Maritime Safety Authority Act 2003

- Minimum Age (Sea) Act 1972

- Customs Act 1951

      o Export (Fish) Regulation1953

- Admiralty Act 1987 

- Admiralty Court Act 1861 (Adopted)

      o Admiralty Rules

- Protection of the Sea (Shipping Levy) Act 2004 

- Sea-carriage of Goods Act 1951

- Customs_Regulation_1951


Samoa

- Fisheries Act 1988

     o Fisheries (Vessel Monitoring System) Regulations 1999 (pending)

- Fisheries (Amendment) Act 1999

- Fisheries (Amendment) Act 2002

     o Fisheries (Transhipment) Regulations 2003 (pending)

- Fisheries (Ban of Driftnet Fishing) Act 1999

- Maritime Zones Act 1999

- Maritime Zones (Amendment) Act 2004

- Fines_(Review_and_Amendment)_1998

Fisheries_Managegement_Act_2016

Ports_Authority_Act_1998

Shipping_Act_1998


Solomon Islands

- Fisheries Limits Act 1977

      o Fisheries (Foreign Fishing Vessels) Regulations 1981

- Delimitation of Marine Waters Act 1978

      o Delimitation of Marine Waters - Declaration of Archipelagic Baselines

      o Delimitation of Marine Waters - Declaration of Archipelagos of Solomon Islands

- Fisheries (United States of America) (Treaty) Act 1988

- Fisheries Act 1998

      o Fisheries Regulations 1972 (refer ‘savings clause’ in the Act)

- Fisheries (Amendment) Act 2009

      o Fisheries (PNA Third Implementing Arrangement) Regulations 2012

      o Fisheries (PNA Third Implementing Arrangement) (Amendment) Regulations 2012

      o Fisheries (Vessel Day Scheme) Regulations 2012

- Protected Area Act 2010

Fisheries_Management_Act_2015

      o Fisheries Management Regulations 2017


Tonga

- Fisheries Management Act 2002

      o Fisheries Management (Processing and Export) Regulations 2008

      o Fisheries Management (Conservation) Regulations 2008

      o Fisheries_Coastal_Communities_Regulations_2009

      o Fisheries (Vessel Monitoring System) Regulations 2009

      o Fisheries (Local Fishing) Regulations 2009

      o Special Management Area Order (Teleki Tonga and Teleki Tokelau, known as Minerva Reef)

- Aquaculture Management Act 2003

      o Aquaculture Management Regulations 2008

- Parks and Reserves Act (Cap 89)

- Maritime Zones Act 2009

- Marine Pollution Prevention Act 2002

- Whale Watching and Swimming Act 2008

      o Whale Watching and Swimming Regulations 2013

- Aquaculture_Management_(Amendment)_Act_2005

- Fisheries_Management_(Amendment)_Act_2004

- Fisheries_Management_(Conservation)_(Amendment)_Regulations_2013

- Fisheries_Management_(Conservation)_(Amendment)_Regulations_2014

- Fisheries_Management_(Processing_and_Export)_(Amendment)_Regulations_2010

- Fisheries_Management_(Amendment)_Act_2009

- Shipping_Act_1973

     o Fisheries (Coasatal Communities) (Amendment) Regulations 2016


Tuvalu

- Conservations Areas Act 1999 (Cap 30.15)

      o Funafuti Conservation Area Order 1999 (Cap 30.15.1)

- Maritime Zones Act 2012

      o Declaration of Archipelagic Baselines 2012

      o Declaration of Territorial Sea Baselines 2012

      o Declaration of the Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf 2012

      o Declaration of the Outer Limits of the Exclusive Economic Zone 2012

      o Declaration of the Outer Limits of the Territorial Sea 2012

- Environment Protection Act 2008 (Revised Ed,2008) (Cap 30.25)

      o Environment Protection (Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations 2014

- Falekaupule Act (Revised Ed, 2008) (Cap 4.08)

- Marine Resource Act 2006 (Cap 48.16)

      o Fisheries (Foreign Fishing Vessel) Regulations 1982 

      o Foreign Fishing Vessels Licensing (U.S Treaty) Order 1987

      o Conservation and Management Measures (PNA Third Implementing Arrangement) Regulations 2009

      o Fisheries (Vessel Monitoring System) Regulations 2000

- Marine Resource (Amendment) Act 2012

- Marine Pollution Act (Revised Ed, 2008)


Vanuatu

- Maritime Zones Act 1981

- Maritime Zones Act 2010

- Fisheries Act 2014

      o Fisheries Regulations 1983


CLOSED AREAS

The Closed Areas for PIPs are provided in a separate folder.